Joyweed is a common name for a plant in the genus Impatiens. These plants are native to tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and South America, and are known for their brightly colored flowers and ability to quickly and vigorously spread through gardens.
They are popular as ornamentals and can be grown in both indoor and outdoor gardens. Some species of Impatiens are also known as Touch-me-not, due to the explosive way their seed pods burst when touched.
How to Grow Joyweed from Seed?
Here is a general guide for growing Impatiens (Joyweed) from seed:
- Start by filling seed trays or pots with seed compost and moistening it with water.
- Sow the Impatiens seeds on the surface of the compost, and then cover them with a fine layer of vermiculite or sieved compost.
- Place the trays or pots in a propagator or cover them with a plastic bag, and then put them in a warm place (around 18-20°C) out of direct sunlight.
- Keep the compost moist, but not waterlogged, by misting it regularly.
- Germination usually takes 7-14 days. Once the seedlings have germinated, remove the cover and place the tray or pots in a bright, but shaded place.
- When the seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant them into 7.5cm (3in) pots.
- Gradually acclimatize them to outdoor conditions for a few days before transplanting them into the garden, in a moist and partially shaded spot.
- Water well and keep the soil consistently moist until the plants are established.
It’s worth noting that impatiens seeds have a very short shelf-life, and it’s usually recommended to sow them fresh, as they lose viability quickly.
Also, Impatiens are frost-sensitive, so it’s best to wait until all danger of frost has passed before transplanting them outdoors.
How to Care for Joyweed?
Here are some general tips for caring for Impatiens (Joyweed):
- Watering: Impatiens prefer consistently moist soil, but they don’t tolerate waterlogging. Water them regularly, but be sure to check that the soil is draining well.
- Light: Impatiens prefer partial shade and do not tolerate full sun. They are ideal for planting under trees, or in other shaded areas of the garden.
- Soil: Impatiens prefer a rich, well-draining soil. If your soil is heavy clay or sandy, amend it with organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure.
- Fertilizer: Fertilize Impatiens every 4-6 weeks during the growing season with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer.
- Pruning: Deadhead Impatiens regularly to promote continuous blooming. Pinch back leggy plants to encourage bushier growth.
- Pest and disease: Impatiens are generally pest-free but can be susceptible to powdery mildew, downy mildew and fungal leaf spot. Keep an eye out for any signs of disease, and treat promptly with a fungicide if necessary.
- Overwintering: Impatiens are annuals and will not survive cold winter weather. If you live in a warm climate, you can keep them going as perennials by cutting back the plants and mulching them for the winter. In colder climates, you will need to start new plants each year.
By following these tips, your Impatiens should thrive and provide you with beautiful, bright flowers all season long.
Types of Joyweed?
There are many different types of Impatiens, also known as Joyweed, which come in various colors, sizes and growth habits. Some common types include:
- New Guinea Impatiens: These are larger and more vigorous than standard Impatiens, with larger, showier flowers and glossy, dark green leaves. They come in a wide range of colors, including pink, red, orange, yellow, and white.
- Sunpatiens: This is a hybrid variety of Impatiens that can tolerate full sun, making it ideal for gardens in hot climates. They come in a range of colors including white, pink, red, and purple.
- Busy Lizzie: This is the most common type of Impatiens, known for their small, brightly colored flowers and trailing habit. They are available in a wide range of colors, including pink, red, orange, yellow, and white.
- Double Impatiens: This type of Impatiens has double blooms and comes in various colors like pink, red, white, orange and yellow.
- Compact Impatiens: These are smaller and more compact than standard Impatiens, making them ideal for container gardens, window boxes, and hanging baskets. They come in a range of colors including pink, red, orange, yellow, and white.
- Balsam Impatiens: This type of Impatiens is known for their small, delicate flowers, and they come in a range of colors including pink, red, white, and coral.
These are some of the common types of Impatiens, also known as Joyweed, that you can find in the market. They all have their unique characteristics, and you can choose the one that best suits your gardening needs and preferences.
Pests and Diseases that Attack Joyweed?
Impatiens, also known as Joyweed, are generally considered to be easy to grow and relatively pest-free. However, they can be susceptible to some pests and diseases. Here are some common ones to watch out for:
- Aphids: These small, soft-bodied insects can suck the sap from the leaves and stems of Impatiens, causing wilting and yellowing of the foliage. They can be controlled with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
- Whiteflies: These tiny white insects can also suck the sap from the leaves, causing the foliage to yellow. They can be controlled with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
- Spider mites: These tiny pests can cause stippling and discoloration on the leaves of Impatiens. They can be controlled with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
- Powdery mildew: This fungal disease causes a white, powdery coating on the leaves and stems of Impatiens. It can be controlled with a fungicide such as neem oil or a sulfur-based spray.
- Downy mildew: This fungal disease is characterized by yellow spots on leaves, followed by brown or gray spots on the undersides of the leaves. It can be controlled with a fungicide such as neem oil or a sulfur-based spray.
- Fungal leaf spot: This fungal disease causes small, circular spots on the leaves and stems of Impatiens. It can be controlled with a fungicide such as neem oil or a sulfur-based spray.
It’s important to note that the best way to avoid pests and diseases is to keep your plants healthy by providing them with the right growing conditions, including proper light, water, and nutrition. Also, regularly inspecting the plant and removing any damaged leaves or flowers can help to minimize the spread of disease.
FAQs Related to Joyweed
Here are some frequently asked questions related to Impatiens, also known as Joyweed:
- Can Impatiens be grown indoors?
Yes, Impatiens can be grown indoors as houseplants, as long as they are provided with bright, indirect light and consistently moist soil. They are also sensitive to drafts, so it’s important to place them in a warm, protected location.
- How long do Impatiens bloom for?
Impatiens typically bloom from late spring to early fall, depending on the variety and growing conditions. Regular deadheading (removing spent flowers) will encourage the plants to produce more blooms.
- Can Impatiens be grown in full sun?
Impatiens prefer partial shade and do not tolerate full sun. They will wilt and become stunted in direct sunlight. However, there are some varieties such as Sunpatiens that can tolerate full sun.
- How often should Impatiens be watered?
Impatiens prefer consistently moist soil, but they don’t tolerate waterlogging. Water them regularly, but be sure to check that the soil is draining well. It’s best to check the soil moisture and water when it starts to dry out.
- How can I propagate Impatiens?
Impatiens can be propagated by seed or stem cuttings. To propagate by stem cuttings, take a stem cutting from a healthy plant and remove the lower leaves.
Dip the cut end in rooting hormone and place it in moist potting soil. Keep the cutting in a warm and humid place until roots form, then transplant to a larger pot.
- Can Impatiens be grown in containers?
Yes, Impatiens can be grown in containers as long as they are provided with well-draining soil and consistent moisture. Some varieties such as Compact Impatiens are especially suited for container gardening.