Crown Daisy (Chrysanthemum coronarium) is a herbaceous perennial plant in the family Asteraceae. It is also known as “Garland chrysanthemum” or “Chinese chrysanthemum.” It is native to China and Japan but is now widely cultivated around the world.
The plant has deeply lobed leaves and produces small, yellow, or white daisy-like flowers in late summer to early fall. It typically grows to be about 2-3 feet tall.
Crown Daisy is commonly used as a vegetable in many Asian cuisines and is known for its slightly bitter, tangy taste. The leaves, flowers, and stems are all edible, and it is often used in soups, stir-fries, and salads.
This plant prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. It can be propagated by seed or by dividing the clumps.
It is also known to have medicinal properties as it contains high levels of vitamin C, carotene, and minerals.
Crown Daisy is a versatile plant that can be grown in a wide range of soils and conditions and it can be planted in gardens, meadows, and naturalized areas. It’s important to note that the care may vary depending on the environment and the care of the plant, so it’s always a good idea to check the specific care required for the cultivar you have.
How to Grow Crown Daisy from Seed?
Growing Crown Daisy (Chrysanthemum coronarium) from seed can be a fun and rewarding way to add this beautiful plant to your garden. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to grow Crown Daisy from seed:
- Select the right location: Crown Daisy prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. Choose a location in your garden that meets these requirements.
- Prepare the soil: Loosen the soil to a depth of about 6 inches and remove any debris, such as rocks or sticks. If the soil is heavy clay or sandy, amend it with compost or other organic matter to improve drainage and fertility.
- Sow the seeds: Sow the seeds in the spring or fall, depending on your climate. Sow the seeds on the soil’s surface and gently press them down. Do not cover the seeds with soil.
- Water: Keep the soil moist, but not wet, until the seedlings emerge. Once the seedlings have emerged, reduce watering to once a week, or as needed.
- Thin the seedlings: Once they have reached 2 inches in height, thin them to about 6-8 inches apart. This will give them room to grow and develop.
- Fertilize: Fertilize the plants with a balanced fertilizer once a month, during the growing season.
- Provide proper lighting: Crown Daisy prefers full sun to partial shade, so place the pot in a location that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.
How to Propagate Crown Daisy
Propagating Crown Daisy (Chrysanthemum coronarium) is a great way to increase the number of plants in your garden, and it’s relatively easy to do. Here are a few ways to propagate Crown Daisy:
- Division: The easiest way to propagate Crown Daisy is by dividing the clumps in the spring or fall. Carefully dig up the entire clump and divide it into smaller sections, making sure each section has a good root system. Replant the divisions in well-draining soil.
- Stem Cuttings: You can also propagate Crown Daisy by taking stem cuttings in the summer. Cut a stem about 4-6 inches long and remove the lower leaves. Dip the cut end in rooting hormone and plant it in a well-draining soil mix. Keep the soil moist and in a warm place until roots have formed and new growth appears.
- Root Cuttings: Another way to propagate Crown Daisy is by taking root cuttings in the winter. Carefully dig up the plant and cut a 2-3 inch piece of root. Plant the rooted cutting in well-draining soil and keep it moist until new growth appears.
Pets and Common Diseases that Attack Crown Daisy
Crown Daisy (Chrysanthemum coronarium) is generally a pest-free and disease-free plant. However, here are a few pests and diseases that may attack Crown Daisy:
- Aphids: These small, soft-bodied insects suck the sap from the leaves and stems of the plant, causing distorted growth and yellowing of the leaves. They can also spread plant viruses.
- Spider mites: These tiny arachnids spin webs on the undersides of leaves and suck the sap from the leaves, causing yellowing, stippling, and damage to the foliage.
- Whiteflies: These small, white, winged insects suck the sap from the foliage, causing yellowing and wilting of the leaves. They can also spread plant viruses.
- Powdery mildew: This fungal disease appears as a white, powdery coating on the leaves, stems and flowers. It can cause yellowing, wilting, and death of the foliage.
- Rust: This fungal disease causes reddish-brown spots on the leaves, which can cause the leaves to yellow and drop off.
FAQs Related to Crown Daisy?
- What is the scientific name of Crown Daisy?
The scientific name of Crown Daisy is Chrysanthemum coronarium.
- How often does Crown Daisy need to be watered?
Crown Daisy should be watered when the top inch of soil is dry to the touch. Be careful not to over-water, as this can lead to root rot.
- How can I propagate Crown Daisy?
Crown Daisy can be propagated through division and stem cuttings.
- What is the best time to divide Crown Daisy?
The best time to divide Crown Daisy is in the spring or fall.
- Is Crown Daisy toxic to animals or humans?
Crown Daisy is generally considered safe for human consumption and is commonly used as a vegetable in many Asian cuisines. However, the plant contains small amounts of pyrethrins, which can be toxic if consumed in large amounts.
- What pests and diseases commonly attack Crown Daisy?
Aphids, spider mites, whiteflies, powdery mildew, and rust can attack Crown Daisy if the plant is not maintained properly.
- Can I use Crown Daisy in my flower arrangements?
Crown Daisy is not commonly used in flower arrangements, it is mostly used in cooking and medicinal purposes.
- How can I care for Crown Daisy during the winter?
Crown Daisy is a perennial plant that can survive in cold climates, but it still needs some protection during the winter months to ensure it comes back strong in the spring. Mulching, watering, and cutting back the plant before the ground freezes can help protect it from the cold.