Scented-Leaved Geraniums, also known as scented pelargoniums, are a type of flowering plant that are prized for their fragrant leaves. The plant is native to South Africa but has been widely cultivated and hybridized around the world.
Scented-Leaved Geraniums come in a wide range of scents, including rose, lemon, mint, and lavender. The leaves can be used for a variety of purposes, including flavoring teas, adding fragrance to potpourri, and as a natural insect repellent.
These plants are popular for indoor and outdoor gardening, as they are relatively easy to care for and can add a delightful aroma to any space. They are typically grown in containers and can be placed on patios, windowsills, or in gardens.
Scented-Leaved Geraniums also produce small, delicate flowers in shades of pink, red, white, and purple. These flowers are not as fragrant as the leaves, but they add a lovely touch of color to the plant.
Overall, Scented-Leaved Geraniums are a wonderful addition to any garden or indoor space, with their fragrant leaves and delicate flowers adding both beauty and practical use.
How to Grow Scented-Leaved Geraniums from Seed?
- Start by filling a small pot or seed tray with a good-quality potting mix. Make sure the soil is moist, but not waterlogged.
- Sow the seeds on the surface of the soil, spacing them about 1 inch apart. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil, about 1/4 inch deep.
- Water the soil gently, being careful not to wash away the seeds. You can also cover the pot or tray with plastic wrap to help retain moisture.
- Place the pot or tray in a warm, bright location, but out of direct sunlight. Scented-Leaved Geraniums prefer temperatures between 60-70°F (15-21°C).
- Keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged, by watering lightly as needed. It may take 2-3 weeks for the seeds to germinate.
- Once the seedlings have grown to about 1-2 inches tall, they can be transplanted into individual pots or into a larger container. Be sure to handle the seedlings gently, and avoid damaging the delicate roots.
- Place the pots or containers in a sunny location, where the plants can receive 4-6 hours of direct sunlight per day.
- Water the plants regularly, being careful not to overwater or underwater. Scented-Leaved Geraniums prefer to be on the dry side, and can tolerate some drought.
- Fertilize the plants every 2-3 weeks with a balanced fertilizer, to help promote healthy growth and blooming.
How to Propagate Scented-Leaved Geraniums?
- Select a healthy stem with several sets of leaves. Make sure the stem is not too old or too woody.
- Using a clean, sharp knife or pruning shears, cut the stem just below a node (where the leaves meet the stem).
- Remove any leaves from the bottom 1-2 inches of the stem.
- Dip the cut end of the stem into rooting hormone powder. This will help the stem to root more quickly and successfully.
- Fill a small pot with a good-quality potting mix. Make a hole in the soil with a pencil or your finger.
- Insert the stem cutting into the hole, and gently press the soil around the stem to hold it in place.
- Water the soil gently, being careful not to wash away the rooting hormone. You can also cover the pot with a clear plastic bag to help retain moisture.
- Place the pot in a warm, bright location, but out of direct sunlight. Scented-Leaved Geraniums prefer temperatures between 60-70°F (15-21°C).
- Keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged, by watering lightly as needed. It may take 2-3 weeks for the stem to root and new growth to appear.
- Once the new plant has grown to about 2-3 inches tall, it can be transplanted into a larger container or into the garden. Be sure to handle the new plant gently, and avoid damaging the delicate roots.
How to Grow Scented-Leaved Geraniums in a Pot?
- Start by choosing a container that is at least 8-10 inches in diameter and has drainage holes. Scented-Leaved Geraniums prefer a well-draining potting mix, so be sure to use a high-quality potting mix.
- Fill the container with the potting mix, leaving about 1-2 inches of space at the top of the container.
- Choose a healthy Scented-Leaved Geranium plant that is the right size for your container. Gently remove the plant from its existing container and loosen any tangled or root-bound roots.
- Place the plant into the center of the container, and fill in any gaps with potting mix. Be sure to leave about an inch of space between the top of the soil and the rim of the container.
- Water the plant gently, being careful not to overwater. Scented-Leaved Geraniums prefer to be on the dry side, and can tolerate some drought.
- Place the pot in a sunny location, where the plant can receive 4-6 hours of direct sunlight per day. If you don’t have a sunny location, you can use grow lights to supplement natural light.
- Water the plant regularly, being careful not to overwater or underwater. Scented-Leaved Geraniums prefer to be on the dry side, and can tolerate some drought.
- Fertilize the plant every 2-3 weeks with a balanced fertilizer, to help promote healthy growth and blooming.
- Prune the plant regularly, to help maintain its shape and promote healthy growth. You can also use the pruned leaves and stems to make potpourri or other fragrant crafts.
How to Prune Scented-Leaved Geraniums?
- Identify the stems that need to be pruned. Look for any stems that are dead, damaged, or diseased. Also, look for stems that are growing in the wrong direction or are overcrowding other stems.
- Use a sharp, clean pair of pruning shears to make the cut. Cut the stem at a 45-degree angle, just above a node (the place where a leaf or stem attaches to the main stem). Make sure to leave at least one or two nodes on the stem.
- If you want to encourage bushier growth, pinch off the tips of the stems. This will cause the plant to produce more side shoots, which will result in a fuller, bushier plant.
- Remove any yellowed or browned leaves, as they can indicate a disease or pest problem.
- Prune your Scented-Leaved Geraniums regularly to keep them healthy and looking their best. Depending on the growth rate, you may need to prune every 2-3 months.
Types of Scented-Leaved Geraniums
- Rose-Scented Geranium is perhaps the most well-known and widely grown type of Scented-Leaved Geranium. It has small, pink flowers and leaves that smell like roses.
- Lemon-Scented Geranium – This variety has leaves that smell like lemons, and is often used in cooking and as a natural insect repellent.
- Mint-Scented Geranium – As the name suggests, this type of Scented-Leaved Geranium has leaves that smell like mint. It is often used in teas and potpourri.
- Apple-Scented Geranium – This variety has leaves that smell like green apples. It is often used in cooking and baking, as well as in perfumes and lotions.
- Nutmeg-Scented Geranium – This type of Scented-Leaved Geranium has leaves that smell like nutmeg. It is often used in cooking and baking, as well as in potpourri.
- Coconut-Scented Geranium – This variety has leaves that smell like coconut. It is often used in perfumes and lotions.
How to Protect Scented-Leaved Geraniums from Overwintering
Scented-Leaved Geraniums are generally not hardy in cold climates, and so they need to be protected from frost and freezing temperatures during the winter months. Here are a few tips on how to protect Scented-Leaved Geraniums from overwintering:
- Move the plants indoors: Before the first frost, dig up your Scented-Leaved Geraniums and pot them up in containers. Place them in a sunny window or under grow lights indoors. Water them sparingly and avoid over-fertilizing.
- Reduce watering: During the winter months, Scented-Leaved Geraniums will not be actively growing, and so they will require less water. Only water them when the soil feels dry to the touch. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other problems.
- Provide adequate lighting: Scented-Leaved Geraniums need bright light to thrive, so be sure to place them in a sunny window or under grow lights. If the plants are not getting enough light, they may become leggy and weak.
- Monitor for pests and diseases: Overwintering plants are more vulnerable to pests and diseases, so be sure to check your Scented-Leaved Geraniums regularly for signs of infestation or illness. Treat any problems promptly to prevent them from spreading.
- Repot in the spring: In the spring, repot your Scented-Leaved Geraniums in fresh soil and place them back outside after the danger of frost has passed. With proper care, your plants will be ready to thrive once again come spring.
How to Care for Scented-Leaved Geraniums
- Watering: Scented-Leaved Geraniums prefer evenly moist soil. Water them when the top inch of soil feels dry. Water thoroughly and let the excess water drain out. Do not let the plant sit in standing water, as this can cause root rot.
- Fertilizing: Feed your Scented-Leaved Geraniums with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 2-4 weeks during the growing season. Avoid fertilizing during the winter months, when the plants are dormant.
- Light: Scented-Leaved Geraniums require bright light to thrive. They prefer at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day, but can tolerate some shade. If grown indoors, place them in a sunny window or under grow lights.
- Temperature and Humidity: Scented-Leaved Geraniums prefer moderate temperatures between 60-75°F (15-24°C). They can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures, but not frost or freezing temperatures. They prefer moderate to high humidity levels.
- Pruning: Scented-Leaved Geraniums can be pruned to maintain their shape and promote bushiness. Pinch off the tips of the stem to encourage branching, and prune back any leggy or overgrown stems.
- Pests and Diseases: Scented-Leaved Geraniums can be prone to aphids, spider mites, and whiteflies. Treat any pest problems with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Avoid overwatering, which can lead to root rot and other diseases.
How to Bloom Scented-Leaved Geraniums?
- Provide Adequate Light: Scented-Leaved Geraniums need bright light to bloom. They should receive at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. If they are grown indoors, place them in a south-facing window or under grow lights.
- Temperature: Scented-Leaved Geraniums prefer moderate temperatures, between 60-75°F (15-24°C). Avoid placing them in drafty areas, as this can cause the buds to drop.
- Fertilizer: Use a high-phosphorus fertilizer to promote flowering. Apply the fertilizer once a month during the growing season, from spring to fall.
- Pinching: Pinching off the tips of the stems can encourage branching and more blooms.
- Deadheading: Remove spent flowers to encourage the plant to produce more blooms.
- Patience: It can take time for Scented-Leaved Geraniums to start blooming. Be patient and continue to provide the right growing conditions and care, and the blooms should eventually appear.
FAQs Related to Scented-Leaved Geraniums
- Are Scented-Leaved Geraniums easy to grow?
Scented-Leaved Geraniums are generally easy to grow, and are popular with gardeners and houseplant enthusiasts alike. They do require some care and attention, but with the right conditions and care, they can thrive.
- Can Scented-Leaved Geraniums grow indoors?
Yes, Scented-Leaved Geraniums can be grown indoors in pots or containers. They prefer bright light, and should be placed in a sunny window or under grow lights.
- Do Scented-Leaved Geraniums attract pests?
Scented-Leaved Geraniums can attract some pests, including spider mites, mealybugs, and aphids. Regular inspection and treatment with insecticidal soap or other natural remedies can help to keep these pests at bay.
- How often should I water my Scented-Leaved Geraniums?
Scented-Leaved Geraniums prefer to be kept evenly moist, but not waterlogged. Water when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch, and be sure to provide good drainage.
- What is the best soil for Scented-Leaved Geraniums?
Scented-Leaved Geraniums prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. A mix of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite is a good choice for container-grown plants. Avoid heavy soils that can become waterlogged and lead to root rot.
- Can I use Scented-Leaved Geraniums for cooking?
Yes, Scented-Leaved Geraniums are often used in cooking and baking to add flavor and fragrance to dishes. The leaves can be used fresh or dried, and have a lemony, floral, or minty flavor, depending on the variety.